Diabetes is a very common disease or disorder of metabolism. It is a complex group of diseases triggered by various causes. People with diabetes have high blood glucose, also known as high blood sugar or hyperglycemia.
Type I diabetes:
Type I diabetes usually occurs in people who are below the age 20 and that is why it is also called as juvenile diabetes. In this type, the body becomes partially or completely unable to produce insulin. Type I diabetes is an autoimmune disease. In this, your immune system attacks the pancreas from where the insulin is produced, thereby making the pancreas inefficient or unable to produce insulin. Type I diabetes cannot be prevented, it can only be controlled with healthy lifestyle changes.
Type II diabetes:
Type II diabetes is more common than Type I diabetes. Type II diabetes usually happens to people who are above the age of 40. This type of diabetes is caused due to insulin resistance. In this case, the pancreas produces insulin but the body is not able to respond to it properly. There can be many reasons behind type II diabetes. Some of the reasons can be being overweight, high blood pressure, having a poor diet, taking too much stress, hormone imbalance, certain medications and leading a sedentary lifestyle. Though type II diabetes can be reversed.
Patients with a form of diabetes due to pancreatic dysfunction are commonly misdiagnosed as having type 2 diabetes, resulting in poor glycemic control and suboptimal care, the first large-scale analysis of this underrecognized form of the disease indicates.
Diabetes of the exocrine pancreas, also known as type 3c diabetes, arises when pancreatic inflammation, neoplasia, or resection results in beta-cell dysfunction, affecting the production of insulin.
Be bold but not careless :
Careful planning and preparation are the key when undertaking any adventurous activity. Patients with type 1 diabetes must ensure they have their diabetes kit at all times. They must eat all their meals on time, and hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar) episodes can be prevented if patients monitor their blood sugar at least seven times a day and adjust their insulin dosage or food intake accordingly.
Dos and don’ts for diabetics:
Experts recommend making a detailed list of all that you need in your diabetes kit. You’ll need insulin with syringes or an insulin pen, a snack, a glucometer, and strips. Make sure you clearly label everything in the kit.
As it occurs in individuals of a similar age group, type 3c diabetes may be misdiagnosed as type 2 diabetes. Those with type 3c diabetes require insulin therapy more urgently than those with type 2, so the consequence of this misdiagnosis are delays in delivering appropriate treatment, which can lead to nerve, eye, and kidney damage, say the authors of the new study, led by Dr Chris Wood mansey of the University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom, and colleagues, which was published online in Diabetes Care on October 23.
Wear comfortable shoes during the trek and always go with a trekking group where your guide and at least one team member is familiar with what to do in case of an emergency, such as a hypoglycaemic episode
You should also remember to not depend on finding a store along the way to buy a snack. Pack everything you may need in your kit ahead of time. Do not depend on symptoms to tell you if your sugar level is higher or lower than it should be. It is imperative that you use a glucometre to monitor your sugar to decide whether you need to take an additional dose of insulin or have a snack.
What not to eat:
1. Refined sugar – We all know that sugar, until it is in its most natural form, is bad for people suffering from diabetes.
2. Alcohol – Alcohol consumption is directly related to diabetes. Alcohol not only damages your liver but also attacks the pancreas that produces insulin.
3. GMO foods – GMO foods have the capability to promote diabetes along with causing liver and kidney diseases.
4. Whole grains – Grains that have gluten in them should be avoided. Gluten is associated with diabetes as its intake can cause leaky gut leading to inflammation which in turn can lead to auto immune diseases.
What To Eat:
Bitter gourd, also known as bitter melon, can be helpful for controlling diabetes due to its blood glucose lowering effects. It tends to influence the glucose metabolism all over your body rather than a particular organ or tissue.
Jamun and its leaves have proven to be helpful in lowering the blood sugar levels. Consuming approximately 100 grams of Jamun every day is said to show tremendous improvement in your blood sugar levels.
Indian Gooseberry (Amla)
Indian gooseberry, also known as Amla, is rich in vitamin C and Indian gooseberry juice promotes proper functioning of your pancreas.Take two to three Indian gooseberries, remove the seeds and grind it into a fine paste. Put the paste in a cloth and squeeze out the juice. Mix two tablespoon of the juice in one cup of water and drink it daily on an empty stomach.
Alternatively, mix one tablespoon of Indian gooseberry juice in a cup of bitter gourd juice and drink it daily for a few months.
When setting off on any trek, make sure you carry a diabetes kit containing the following:
•Glucose tablets (Hypotabs)
•Food and water
•Insulin, preferably in a coolant
•A glucometer and adequate strips
•Identity card along with emergency contact numbers and instructions
•A basic medical kit to treat injuries, fevers or vomiting.